On the ancient road axis of the 'Byzantine Corridor'
The Via Amerina – Way of Light retraces the ancient road axis of the Byzantine Corridor. A heavily militarized strip of land, which, between the 6th and the 7th centuries, secured the links between the possessions of Ravenna’s Exarchate and the Roman Duchy, splitting the Italian possessions of the Longobards in half.
The history of the Byzantine Corridor tells of the donation by King Liutprando of the Longobards to Pope Zaccaria of the group of towns taken from the Byzantines, including those of Amelia, Orte and Gallese, still today traversed by the Via Amerina. The gift, in addition to forming the early nucleus of the Pontifical State, also represented the first, heavy, strategic loss by the Byzantines, while at the same time transforming the main route to Perugia, thanks to restored links with the Via Cassia and Via Flaminia.
Strong testimonies of the past are to be found all along the Way. From the ancient roads made of tuff and early Christian catacombs to the medieval castles and monasteries. Archaeological, historical, cultural and artistic heritage to discover.
The importance of the River Tiber in the history of Italy and Rome, as well as of the Byzantine Corridor, is evident. Be it on an historical, cultural, archaeological, economic, anthropological or naturalistic level.
The path, over much of the route, follows the river axis, which, in many sections in Umbria, is a well-equipped and continually expanding cycle and pedestrian path. The axis of the Tiber is distinguished by not only the regional park but also by a number of small local parks.